Fruit and vegetables are important elements of a healthy, balanced diet, be it as part of a main meal or as a snack. They bring us vitamins, minerals and fibre, some energy (mainly in the form of sugar), as well as certain minor components – often referred to as phytochemicals or secondary plant products – which are potentially beneficial for our health. Epidemiological studies have shown that high intakes of fruit and vegetables are associated with a lower risk of chronic diseases; particularly, cardiovascular disease (1, 2, 3), also type 2 diabetes (4), and certain cancers i.e. of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, oesophageal, stomach and lungs (5).
Fonds Français pour l'Alimentation et la Santé > Alimentation et santé > EUFIC : “Fruit and vegetable consumption in Europe – do Europeans get enough ?