EFSA : Multi-country outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infection associated with haemolytic uraemic syndrome

Abstract :

« A multi-country outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection associated with haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) and affecting mostly young children has been reported in the last two months in Romania. Italy reported one related HUS case through the Early Warning and Response System (EWRS) on 21 March 2016. Overall, 25 cases were identified as associated with this outbreak, of which 19 developed HUS and three died. Twelve cases had microbiological and/or serological evidence of STEC O26 infection; 13 additional cases met the probable case definition by developing HUS, testing positive for another STEC O serogroup (O157) or by testing positive by PCR for stx1and/or stx2 and eae genes. Information collected from patients pointed towards a milk processing establishment (the Romanian operator) as a possible source of infection (…). »

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